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Kindergarten Expectations

English Language Arts

In kindergarten, students will learn the alphabet and the basic features of letters and words. They will break down spoken and written words into syllables and letters and identify the sounds each letter makes. These important skills will enable your child to learn new words and to read and understand simple books and stories. Students will also learn to write and share information in a variety of ways, including drawing, writing letters and words, listening to others, and speaking aloud. Activities in these areas will include:
• Naming and writing upper- and lowercase letters
• Matching letters to sounds and using other methods to figure out unfamiliar words when reading and writing
• Learning and using new words
• Identifying words that rhyme
• Reading common words such as the, of, you, are, she, and my
• Asking and answering questions about a story the teacher reads
out loud
• Identifying characters, settings, and major events in a story
• Recognizing the person, place, thing, or idea that an illustration shows
• Participating in discussions by listening and taking turns speaking
• Using a combination of drawing, speaking, and writing to describe an event, give information about a topic, or share an opinion
• Taking part in shared reading, writing, and research projects
• Expressing thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly


In kindergarten, your child will focus primarily on two important areas. The first is learning numbers and what numbers represent. The second is addition and subtraction. Students will also learn to identify and work with shapes. Activities in these areas include:
• Counting how many objects are in a group and comparing the quantities of two groups of objects
• Comparing two numbers to identify which is greater or less than the other
• Understanding addition as putting together and subtraction as taking away from
• Adding and subtracting very small numbers quickly and accurately
• Breaking up numbers less than or equal to 10 in more than one way (for example, 9=6+3, 9=5+4)
• For any number from 1 to 9, finding the missing quantity that is needed to reach 10
• Representing addition and subtraction word problems using objects or by drawing pictures
• Solving addition and subtraction word problems involving numbers that add up to 10 or less or by subtracting from a number 10 or less

What Does CCSS mean for you?

• Your students will participate in a more rigorous instructional program that will better prepare them for success
• As a parent/guardian, you will know what your student is expected to learn and in turn help support student learning

• Students will be better prepared to go onto college and the workforce.
• Students will have a clear understanding of what they are expected to learn in ELA and Mathematics

• These common standards will help prepare students to be college prepared and workforce ready
• With these standards students will receive a high quality education regardless of what school they go to or what state they live in.


Common Core State Standards - Parent Guide

English Language Arts - English Version

English Language Arts - Spanish Version

Mathematics - English Version

Mathematics - Spanish Version

Common Core

State Standards

English Language Arts


English Language Development